In today’s automotive industry, manufacturers are continuously integrating advanced technologies into their vehicles to enhance safety and improve the overall driving experience.
One such innovative system is the Intelligent Clearance Sonar (ICS) system, which is available in Lexus models such as the RX 350 and RX450h.
This system utilizes sensors placed around the vehicle to detect potential collisions with stationary objects and automatically applies the brakes to prevent accidents.
In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into the functionalities of the ICS system, its detection range, common causes of malfunctions, and how to address these issues. By the end of this article, you will have a better understanding of the ICS system and its role in ensuring your safety on the road.
Table of Contents
Understanding the Intelligent Clearance Sonar System
The Intelligent Clearance Sonar system is designed to assist drivers in avoiding collisions with stationary objects while maneuvering at low speeds. It utilizes a set of sensors positioned around the vehicle, both at the front and rear, to detect obstacles within a specific range.
When the system detects a potential collision, it restricts the hybrid system output to limit the vehicle’s speed increase and applies the brakes automatically to reduce the vehicle’s speed further.
The ICS system comes into play in various real-world scenarios, making everyday driving tasks safer and more convenient.
For example, when reversing out of a parking spot, the system can detect approaching vehicles or pedestrians from either side and alert the driver through visual and auditory signals. It also initiates a braking action to provide the driver with enough time to avoid a collision.
Operating Conditions for the Intelligent Clearance Sonar System
To ensure the proper functioning of the Intelligent Clearance Sonar system, certain conditions need to be met. These conditions include:
- Hybrid System Output Restriction Control:
- The Intelligent Clearance Sonar system must be enabled.
- The vehicle speed should be 10 mph (15 km/h) or less.
- A stationary object must be present within the vehicle’s traveling direction, approximately 6 to 13 ft. (2 to 4 m) away.
- The system determines that a stronger-than-normal brake operation is necessary to avoid a collision.
- Brake Control:
- Hybrid system output restriction control must be active.
- The system determines that an emergency brake operation is necessary to avoid a collision.
It’s important to note that the Intelligent Clearance Sonar function will operate only when the ICS OFF indicator is not illuminated or flashing.
Detection Range and Limitations
The detection range of the Intelligent Clearance Sonar system differs from that of the intuitive parking assist.
Therefore, even if the intuitive parking assist detects an object and provides a warning, the Intelligent Clearance Sonar function may not activate. Certain factors can limit the system’s effectiveness, including:
- Objects that are poor reflectors of ultrasonic waves, such as cotton cloth or snow.
- Objects that are not perpendicular to the ground or the vehicle’s traveling direction, are uneven, or are waving.
- Low objects that may not be within the detection range.
- Thin objects like wires, fences, ropes, and signposts.
- Objects that are extremely close to the bumper.
It’s essential to be aware of these limitations and not solely rely on the Intelligent Clearance Sonar system when driving.
Common Causes of ICS Malfunctions
While the Intelligent Clearance Sonar system is designed to operate reliably, certain factors can lead to malfunctions. Understanding these causes can help you address potential issues effectively. Some common causes of ICS malfunctions include:
- Water Leaking into Proximity Sensors:
- Heavy rain or exposure to snow can cause water to seep into the proximity sensors used by the ICS system.
- High-pressure water hoses at car washes can also affect the sensors’ proper functioning.
- Physically Damaged Sensors:
- In some instances, the ICS system may not activate to slow down the vehicle during potential low-speed collisions.
- Fender benders or accidents can damage the car’s proximity sensors, leading to a failure in detecting objects in subsequent situations.
- Damaged Wiring Harness:
- As vehicles become more technologically advanced, the wiring network required to power various systems becomes more complex.
- Damaged wiring harnesses can result in the inability to activate electronic systems, including the Intelligent Clearance Sonar.
- Ultrasonic Wave Interference:
- Ultrasonic waves from external sources, such as vehicle horns, motorcycle engines, or large vehicle air brakes, can interfere with the sensors’ operation.
- Stickers or electronic components installed near the sensors, like fluorescent license plate backlights or wireless antennas, can also affect their performance.
- Car Posture and Orientation:
- Significant tilting or leaning of the vehicle, such as on steep inclines or when carrying an imbalanced load, can cause the ICS system to malfunction.
- Changes in the sensor’s orientation due to collisions or impacts can also affect its accuracy.
Addressing ICS Malfunctions
If you encounter an ICS malfunction, it’s essential to take appropriate action to ensure the system’s proper functioning and your safety on the road. Here are some steps you can take to address ICS malfunctions:
- Cleaning the Sensors:
- If the ICS system displays a warning message or the sensors are covered in ice, snow, or dirt, clean them thoroughly to restore normal operation.
- Removing any debris from the sensors can help the system function optimally.
- Performing an OBD Scan:
- Use an OBD scanner, a digital scanning tool, to check for ICS-related error codes.
- This scan can help identify any underlying issues that need to be addressed to fix the ICS malfunction.
- Checking and Repairing Wiring:
- Inspect the wiring harness for any damage or loose connections.
- Reconnecting cut wires or repairing the wiring harness can resolve ICS malfunctions caused by wiring issues.
- Seeking Professional Assistance:
- If the ICS malfunction persists or if you are uncertain about performing the necessary repairs, it’s advisable to visit a certified mechanic or your Lexus dealer.
- They have the expertise and tools to diagnose and fix more complex ICS malfunctions.
Resetting the ICS System
In some cases, resetting the ICS system is necessary after addressing a malfunction or performing maintenance. Here’s how you can reset the system:
- Battery Disconnection:
- If the 12-volt battery terminal has been disconnected and reconnected, the system needs to be initialized.
- Drive the vehicle straight ahead for 5 seconds or more at a speed of approximately 22 mph (35 km/h) or more to initialize the system.
- Dashboard Menu Reset:
- Access the dashboard menu using the steering wheel control switches.
- Scroll down to the Settings icon on the multi-information display (MID) and press OK to select it.
- Navigate to the ICS icon and select it using the direction switches.
- Follow the prompts to turn on the ICS system, confirming the reset.
Intelligent Clearance Sonar “I.C.S.” on the 2017 RX350 >> Check out the video below:
The Intelligent Clearance Sonar system is a valuable driving support system that enhances safety and convenience in Lexus vehicles. By utilizing advanced sensors and intelligent algorithms, it helps drivers avoid collisions with stationary objects at low speeds.
However, it’s crucial to understand the system’s limitations and not solely rely on it while driving. Regular maintenance, including cleaning the sensors and addressing any malfunctions promptly, is vital to ensure the system operates optimally.
If you encounter an ICS malfunction, try troubleshooting the issue yourself by cleaning the sensors or checking the wiring connections. If the problem persists or if you are unsure, seek professional assistance from a certified mechanic or your Lexus dealer.
Following the recommended steps and resetting the system as necessary will help ensure the Intelligent Clearance Sonar system functions as intended, providing you with a safe and enjoyable driving experience.